Heritage Britain

Historic Northumberland, Northumberland, England


A Historic Tour of Historic Northumberland
Bamburgh Castle

A Historic Tour of Historic Northumberland
Hadrian's Wall at Cuddy's Crag

Historic Northumberland

A tour of Northumberland can be a fascinating journey through the whole history of England. This beautiful county with its amazing gardens, golden beaches and its own National Park is the perfect location for anyone interested in history and heritage.

On exposed rocks in the Cheviot Hills are unique cup and ring marks which are possibly as much as 5,000 years old. There are also the remains of many ancient hillforts, once occupied by Iron Age tribes.

Later, for over 400 years, the area was the northern frontier of the mighty Roman Empire. This is still marked today by Hadrianís Wall, first built around 122AD, and by a network of Roman forts, milecastles and temples.

After the Romans departed, there began a series of invasions from Northern Europe. Eventually, in the 7th century, the region was settled by the Angles. They created a kingdom which stretched from Hull to Edinburgh and which they called North Humber Land Ė literally, the land north of the Humber. They chose Bamburgh as its capital. The kingdom adopted Christianity as its religion and produced the Lindisfarne Gospels, one of the greatest works of art of the ancient world.

Present day Northumberland has been in place since Norman times. It was the key battleground between the English and the Scots and as a result has more castles than any other English county. Visiting the great castles of Alnwick, Bamburgh, Lindisfarne, Dunstanburgh and Chillingham is one of the highlights of any visit.

Once peace settled after the Union of the Crowns, country houses started to be created with landscaped gardens by Capability Brown. Northumberland was a hothouse of invention. George Stephenson was born at Wylam, the same village where Charles Parson invented the steam turbine whilst Lord Armstrong created the first house to be lit by hydro-electricity at Cragside, near Rothbury. The great Northumberland coalfield is remembered at the Woodhorn Museum, near Ashington

For more Information please contact:
For more information and a free Holiday Guide, ring 0870 225 0017 or go to www.visitnorthumberland.com
Web:  www.visitnorthumberland.com

Where to stay and things to do in Northumberland

Hotels | Bed and Breakfast | Pubs and Inns | Self Catering | Places to Visit | Antiques and Collectables | Museums and Art Galleries | Arts, Crafts and Fairs | Gardens | Castles | Cathedrals | National Parks | Railways | Wildlife | Weddings and Honeymoons | Apartments | Conferences, Seminars and Corporate Events | World Heritage Sites | Abbeys and Priories | Nature Reserves | Health Spas | Haunted Places | Churches | Theatres | Restaurants | Animal Sanctuaries | More Northumberland Information

UK Heritage links

Cadw | Heritage Britain | Historic Houses Association | richmond | The Churches Preservation Trust | The National Trust | The National Trust for Scotland | tunbridge |

England Heritage links

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The Daphne Du Maurier Festival
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Scotland Heritage links

Fife | The Kingdom of Fife | Perth and Kinross | County of Perthshire |

Wales Heritage links

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A UK World Heritage Site
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County Information

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Wales

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Ireland

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The Channel Islands and The Isle of Man

Channel Islands | The Isle of Man |